Ten Tips for your Pets for the Fourth of July

max_400_cute-lab-in-front-of-american-flagLike many Americans, you may be planning to have a festive Fourth of July. Along with barbeques and days at the beach, no July holiday celebration would be complete without enjoying the fireworks that celebrate the birth of our nation. The safest and best bet for celebrating this Fourth of July with your pets is to exclude them from holiday festivities. Instead, find a safe, secure spot in the home for your pets while you go out and enjoy the loud bangs, bright lights and spectator fun. Your pets will appreciate the quiet a lot more than you’ll enjoy the noise.

Perhaps you are considering staying at home and planning a get-together with friends and family. Or, you may want to go check out your local professional fireworks display. While putting the finishing touches on your planned celebration, take a moment to consider your pets.

Unlike people, pets don’t associate the noise, flashes, and burning smell of pyrotechnics with celebrations. Pets are terrified of fireworks, and often panic at the loud whizzes and bangs they produce.

Because of this, the American Humane Association reports that July 5 is the busiest day of the year for animal shelters. Why? In a 2005 press release the Indiana Proactive Animal Welfare, Inc. (PAW) stated that animal shelters the day after Fourth of July are “inundated with pets that panicked at the noise of firecrackers and fled into the night, winding up lost, injured or killed.”

Both the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) and PAW have listed ways you can prevent your holiday celebration from turning into a tragedy. Here are 10 tips on how to keep your pet from panicking this Fourth of July weekend.
10. Keep your Pet Indoors at All Times!
It may seem obvious, but even if your pet is used to being outside, the resulting panic caused by fireworks or other loud noises may make them break their restraint or jump a fence in a terrified attempt to find safety.
9. Don’t Put Insect Repellant on Your Pet that isn’t Specifically for Pet Use
The same tip applies to applying “people” sunscreen on your pet. What isn’t toxic to humans can be toxic to animals. The ASPCA lists the poisonous effects of sunscreen on your pet as, “…drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive thirst and lethargy.” DEET, a common insecticide, may cause neurological issues.
8. Alcoholic Drinks Poison Pets
If your pet drinks alcohol, they can become dangerously intoxicated, go into a coma, or in severe cases, die from respiratory failure. Yes, even beer is toxic; fermented hops and ethanol are poisonous to dogs and cats.
7. Going to a Fireworks Display? Leave Your Pet at HomeThe safest place for your pet is at home, not in a crowded, unfamiliar and noisy place. The combination of too many people and loud fireworks will make your beloved pet freak out and desperately seek shelter. Locking them in the car is also not an option; your pet may suffer brain damage and heat stroke.
6. Have Your Pet Properly Identified
If your pet manages to break loose and become lost, without proper identification it will be that much harder to get them back. Consider fitting your pet with microchip identification, ID tags with their name and your phone number, or both. It is also a good idea to have a recent picture of your pets in case you have to put up signs.

5. Keep Your Pet Away from Glow Jewelry
It might look cute, but your pet could chew up and swallow the plastic adornments. The ASPCA states that while not highly toxic, “excessive drooling and gastrointestinal irritation could still result from ingestions, and intestinal blockage could occur from swallowing large pieces of the plastic containers.”
4. NEVER Use Fireworks Around Pets
While lit fireworks can pose a danger to curious pets and potentially result in severe burns and/or trauma to the face and paws, even unused fireworks can be hazardous. Some fireworks contain potentially toxic substances such as arsenic, potassium nitrate, and other heavy metals.
3. Don’t Give Your Pet “Table Food”
If you are having a backyard barbeque, you may be tempted to slip some snacks to your pet. But like beer and chocolate, there are other festive foods that could harm your pet. Onions, coffee, avocado, grapes & raisins, salt and yeast dough are all possible hazards for dogs and cats.
2. Lighter Fluid and Matches Are Harmful to Pets.
The ASPCA lists chlorates as a harmful chemical substance found in some matches that, if ingested, can cause your pet difficulty in breathing, damage blood cells or even cause kidney disease. If exposed to lighter fluid, your pet may sustain skin irritation on contact, respiratory problems if inhaled, and gastric problems if ingested.
1. Citronella Insect Control Products Harm Pets, Too.
Oils, candles, insect coils and other citronella-based repellants are irritating toxins to pets, according to the ASPCA. The result of inhalation can cause severe respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia, and ingestion can harm your pet’s nervous system.

How to prepare for a tornado

COM-TornadoDogs-Photo1As pets have become a more important part to our family units, so has their safety and well being. Yet few of us are prepared in the event of a natural disaster. In order to make things a little easier here are a few simple tips on how to protect your pets should your area be struck by a tornado, hurricane, flood or fire.

One important thing to note is that in all of these disaster scenarios it is safer to evacuate with your family and pets. However, keep in mind that boarding facilities, kennels and animal shelters require your pets have all their vaccination up to date, or you might be turned away. Also, many emergency shelters do NOT accept pets for health and safety reasons, so pet-friendly shelters will fill up fast.
Occurring at a moment’s notice, tornadoes can sweep through a neighborhood indiscriminately and wreak havoc in such a short period. Here’s what you can do…

Tornado Preparation
Designate a tornado-safe location that will accommodate your entire family, including pets. A windowless room nearest to the ground floor is recommended.
If you live in an area affected by tornadoes, get in the habit of doing “drills” with your family and pets during mild weather to ensure they will all know what to do in the event of an emergency.
Stock your tornado-safe area with a pet emergency kit, and keep a crate in the designated area for each pet.
Know where your pets hiding spots are, so you can grab them and take them to safety as quickly as possible. Limit their access to any unsafe or spots it may be hard to get your pets out of.
If you can evacuate, don’t leave your pets behind. Take proper pet identification and emergency kits for your pets as well as your family.

During a Tornado
If your family is weathering the storm inside the home, make it to your “safe room” and crate your pet as soon as possible. If you can, place the crates under durable furniture.

After a Tornado
Always be extra careful when going outdoors following a tornado. Only exit the home after you and your family are certain the storm has passed.
Keep your pets secured at all times. Cats should remain in their carriers, and dogs on a leash.
Don’t allow your pets to go near water or other liquids on the ground outside; debris from the tornado may have contaminated the area.
Keep everyone (including yourself) away from downed power lines.

Recall on Lamb Crunchy’s Treats by Pet Center, Inc.

Pet Center, Inc., a Los Angeles based pet-treat manufacturer, has issued a voluntary recall of specific lamb-based dog treats due to potential contamination with Salmonella.

The following products are included in the dog treat recall:

Lamb Crunchy’s Dog Treats (Made in the USA)

3 oz. bags

Lot code: LAM-003

UPC# 727348200038

Date code:  122015

According to a press release issued by the FDA, the product was distributed in California, Wisconsin, Colorado, and Washington states to retailers including Gelson’s Market, General Pet, Nor-Sky Pet Supply and Independent Pet.

Pets with Salmonella infections may be lethargic and have diarrhea or bloody diarrhea, fever and vomiting. Some pets will have only decreased appetite, fever and abdominal pain. Infected but otherwise healthy pets can be carriers and infect other animals or humans. If your pet has consumed the recalled product and has these symptoms, please contact your veterinarian.

There is a risk to humans from handling contaminated pet products, especially if they have not thoroughly washed their hands after having contact with the products or any surface exposed to these products. Healthy people infected with Salmonella should monitor themselves for some or all of the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramping and fever.

Salmonella was detected by the State of Colorado, Department of Agriculture in a random sample of these dog treat products. No illnesses have been reported to date.

Customers who have purchased this product are urged to return them to the place of purchase for a full refund. Pet Center, Inc. customer representatives will also be available to answer questions related to the dog treat recall at 1-800-390-0575 Monday-Friday between 7:30am through 4pm PST.

How to Avoid Dehydration and Heat Stroke with your Pets

hotcarwarning“It’s summertime and the living is easy,” or so goes the Sam Cooke song. Summertime means fun, sun, and hopefully lots of play outdoors. But as much fun as summer can be for you and your pet, there are a few safety tips that will hopefully make the warmest of all seasons safe and carefree for all concerned.

Apply Sunscreen
That’s right, you should apply sunscreen on your if he or she spends more than just a few minutes outside every day in the hot summer sun. Pets with light skin and short or thin hair coat are particularly prone to sunburn or skin cancer. The sunscreen should be fragrance free, non-staining, and contain UVA and UVB barriers similar to sunscreens made for humans. Consult your veterinarian for sunscreens available made specifically for pets.

Provide Plenty of Water, Plenty of Shade
Dehydration in dogs and cats is a real possibility during the summer, especially if your pet is the type to run and play outside for extended periods without drinking sufficient water. Telltale signs of dehydration include dry gums, loss of skin elasticity, excessive drooling. Don’t let it come to this. Give your active pet plenty of playtime breaks in the shade with access to fresh water.

Don’t Leave ‘Fluffy’ in the Car
You may think leaving your pet in a car for a few minutes is no big deal, but it can quickly lead to heat stroke in dogs and cats. In bright sunshine, your car acts like an oven, becoming much hotter inside than the outside air even. In fact, on a sunny 70 degree day, your car can heat up to over 100 degrees within minutes. So, either take your pet with you or leave him or her at home during shopping trips.

Watch for Unknown Grassy Knolls
Pets love to run, play and just investigate grassy areas. But did you know many lawns are treated with fertilizers and pesticides during the summer? Keep your pet safe this summer by keeping them off unknown grassy areas or find a safe spot in your neighborhood or city, like a dog park. Remember, not all grass is created equal.

Avoid Antifreeze
Even though antifreeze is something to watch out for year round, cars tend to overheat more and leak antifreeze during the summer. Pets find it delicious and even in very small amounts antifreeze is poisonous to dogs and cats. So be attentive when walking your dog around the neighborhood or letting your outdoor cat roam the streets.

Natural Methods for Controlling Fleas

RudyWhile there are a multitude of chemical options available for dog owners who are faced with fleas, not all dog owners want to risk the possible toxic side effects of chemical pesticides. If you are not interested in using chemicals for dealing with these pests, there are a few options that are considered more nature-based.

Depending on the level of flea infestation and your diligence in combating the critters, you may have to work harder one year versus the next. You may find that some of these “home remedies” work great the first year that you use them and become less effective over time. While these methods are safer, you will find that they are more effective at preventing flea problems than eliminating established infestations. In some cases, you may have to first resort to a chemical method for dealing with a severe infestation, and then use natural methods to control the population of fleas. No single method is going to work 100 percent, so it may be necessary to combine a few different options to reduce the level of infestation present in your home and on your pet.

If your dog spends lots of time outdoors, even just in a backyard, you will probably have more difficulty controlling fleas naturally, since they may be strongly established in the yard (or wherever your dog frequents) as well as in the home. Be aware that not every flea control method will work for every situation. You may need to use one method for the yard, another for the home and yet another for your dog’s body.

Caring for the Dog

Your dog can benefit from a simple rinse with cool water to expel some of the fleas from the body and hair. Water alone will not get rid of the fleas. You will need to use a shampoo that is made with flea repelling ingredients. A cedar, eucalyptus, lavender, or citrus-infused shampoo may help to keep fleas at bay following the bath. Cedar has also been suggested for repelling fleas from areas where dogs sleep, and some say that fennel leaves rubbed into the dog’s coat can also discourage fleas.

Keeping your dog’s haircoat and skin healthy is important. Giving your dog extra omega-3 fatty acid supplements with the diet will help to improve skin health, and is especially helpful for protecting the skin from drying out when you are shampooing your dog regularly to remove fleas.

Using a flea comb (a comb made with very close-set teeth) will physically pull fleas from the dog’s body. You will need to make sure the comb gets down close to the skin, but work slowly, as the comb may tug on the hair. Have a bowl of soapy water nearby so you can drown the fleas as you remove them. They can’t be squashed with your fingers and will jump quickly away. When combing, concentrate on areas on the dog’s body where fleas like to hide, like the groin, armpits and base of the tail.

If your dog is long haired and difficult to comb thoroughly, you may want to consider having her hair closely shorn for the season. Of course, not everyone likes the hairless (or nearly hairless) look on their dog, especially with certain breeds that are known for their full coats. If you don’t want your dog to look hairless, there are a lot of attractive cuts that groomers can style to make your dog look good during the summer and flea season.

Caring for the Home Environment
Adult fleas lay eggs in your dog’s bedding and deep in the carpet, so you won’t be able to get rid of the entire population of fleas by simple combing and washing. Be sure to also clean and treat the household and yard when fighting a flea problem.

You will need to be very diligent in vacuuming and cleaning the inside and outside of your home when dealing with fleas. You may wish to initially have your carpets professionally cleaned to help remove some of the deposited eggs and larvae, but this also will not eliminate the problem entirely, since eggs and cocoons can remain dormant for a surprisingly long time. You will need to vacuum all surfaces of the house every few days (disposing of the vacuum bag at least weekly) and wash all your dog’s bedding almost as often.

One home remedy that is commonly suggested is sprinkling a boric acid-like product, also known as 20 Mule Team Borax (sold as a laundry detergent). It works to dry out the fleas and kills larvae and eggs in carpeting. The product is an abrasive and it can abrade carpets, so you will want to take precautions before covering your entire floor with it. Test an area of your carpet first. You want to use care when using it around your pets as well. Before sprinkling the Borax, vacuum all of the floors well, and then make sure it is allowed to settle deep into the carpets before vacuuming again.

As an alternative to boric acid-related products, salt has been suggested as an alternative dessicant (drying agent). However, salt would not be a good solution for those in areas of the country with higher humidity levels (such as Florida), as it can absorb water and result in mildewed carpeting.

The yard will also need to be kept free of debris (piles of leaves, etc.) to help reduce places where fleas can congregate. Planting certain herbs and plants in the yard may also help direct fleas away from your property. Lavender, eucalyptus, fennel, marigold, and citrus, all known flea repellants, can make your yard less interesting to these pests.

Diatomaceous earth can be used to treat the yard without chemicals. This material is made from a ground-up stone (made up of tiny fossils) that is similar to a pumice powder, which acts as an abrasive and drying agent, much like boric acid does. It’s a dust that can be spread in the yard, or even on carpeting, instead of Borax. You will want to look for a natural or food-grade diatomaceous earth for use around humans and pets. You may need to reapply it after a particularly heavy rain as it can be washed away.


Four Secret Benefits of a Dog Walking Service

Dog-WalkWe all know that with just a 20-30 minute walk per day will help keep the average dog in good physical condition; but what other benefits does your daily Purrfurred Pet Sitting dog walking service give you and Fido?

1.   Mental Stimulation Keeps Fido From Becoming Bored

Does your dog get bored when they aren’t exercised regularly? Mine sure do. Getting your dog outside, allowing them to sniff the neighborhood scents, see the sights and sounds and interact with other dogs, gets their mind engaged. Boredom disappears and when you return home, you have a dog that is both physically and mentally ready for a nap. With daily walking, behaviors such as separation anxiety and obsessive cleaning, can also be managed a lot more easily.

2.      Filed Nails

A little known benefit of walking your dog daily on pavement is that the action wears down their nails naturally. That means fewer battles of will with you and your dog or paid trips to the groomers for nail trimming.

3.      Better Socialization

A well socialized dog is a happy dog.  This just doesn’t simply mean meeting people or other pooches, but also all those things that dogs can fear if not introduced to them regularly: noisy traffic, unusual obstacles in the landscape, sounds they aren’t accustomed to. We’ve walked dogs that are afraid of all of those things because they just haven’t come into contact with them regularly enough.

4.      Give Yourself a Break

This one is for you. Giving the responsibility of a daily dog walk to your pet sitter means that it’s one more thing you can cross off your to-do list – guilt free!  Perhaps when you do have the time, you can replace the interaction of a walk with a grooming session or inside play? That way you’ll be more energized to spend the time you want with pooch – when you want it.

Your Go-To Pet Nutrition Resource

You know that your pet needs food that will allow him to run, jump, play, and stay happy and healthy, but when you walk down the pet food aisle in the store, how do you know which food is right for your furry friend?

Choosing a pet food and decoding pet food labels can be daunting tasks. Now, an alliance of veterinary organizations have teamed up to bring you the resources you need to demystify pet food.

These organizations, known collectively as the Pet Nutrition Alliance (PNA), have collaborated to promote the importance of nutrition as an essential component of providing optimal health care for healthy, sick, and injured pets. The new PNA website is designed with you–the pet owner–in mind, providing tools and resources that will help you get the facts about pet nutrition.

The website offers a collection of tools for you to use in determining the right nutrition for your pet. Resources include:

  • Body and muscle condition score charts
  • Pet food recall alerts
  • Instructions on how to read pet food labels
  • Details on safety and manufacturing of pet foods
  • Dog and cat daily calorie requirements charts
  • Weight translator tool
  • Guaranteed analysis converter tool for comparison of pet foods
  • Pet poison guidelines
  • Food and treat calculator
  • And more!

Your veterinary hospital’s membership in the PNA represents their commitment to ensuring proper nutrition for your pet. By using these resources, you can work together with your veterinarian to keep your pet healthier than ever.

Visit the Pet Nutrition Alliance website to learn more about nutrition for your pet.

Protecting Your Cat From Toxic Plants

Cats love to nibble on grass. Many cat owners know that.

But what some might not know is that not all greenery is safe for felines.

Both plants found outdoors in yards and indoors in pots can be harmful to cats.

The most dangerous plants for cats are members of the lily family, said Dr. Tina Wismer, medical director of the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. While the exact toxic component remains unknown, cats appear to be the only species sensitive to its deadly effects. A cat licking or chewing on the plant may develop kidney failure, which could prove fatal.

Also dangerous, Wismer said, are many common houseplants (dieffenbachia, pothos, philodendron, etc.) because they contain compounds that can cause vomiting, drooling, and difficulty breathing.

Other common plants that are dangerous to cats include:

  • Rhododendron. This species contains a toxic substance known as grayanotoxin, which can be dangerous if ingested. This causes stomach upset, but it can also affect heart rate and the nervous system. A common plant found in this family is the azalea.
  • Plants with Cardiac Glycoside. This poison can cause life-threatening damage to the heart. Examples of these types of plants include oleander (Nerium oleander), lily-of-the-valley (Convallaria majalis), foxglove (Digitalis purpurea), certain milkweeds (Aesclepias spp.), and squill (Virginea maritime).
  • Castor Beans (Ricinus communis). The toxic ingredient in this plant is ricin, which is one of the most potent toxins known to man. The castor bean seeds must be crushed to release the toxin, but even small amounts of ricin can be fatal.
  • Cycad Palms (Cycas, Zamia). These ornamental plants are found naturally in areas of sandy soil. The toxin cycasin can cause severe liver failure in a cat.
  • Yews (Taxus Genus). Many types of yew bushes are used in landscaping, and they also grow naturally. The toxic ingredient in these bushes is taxane, which can cause seizures, lack of coordination, difficulty breathing, and cardiac failure.
  • English Ivy. This Old World vine with lobed evergreen leaves and black, berry-like fruit is popular indoors as a houseplant and outside as an in-ground or potted plant. But it can lead to abdominal pain, drooling, vomiting, and diarrhea in cats.

So what to do? Give up the plants?

Not necessarily.

Be proactive and keep plants and cats in separate areas of the home. Placing motion-activated deterrents, such as ones that emit a burst of air, near plants may work to keep some animals away, Wismer said.

But the best option is  to keep toxic plants out of the house. Cat grass (usually rye or wheat grass) is safe for felines and can be grown indoors. Cat nip is another feline favorite that’s easy to grow inside.

If a cat does ingest a poisonous plant, pet owners should call their veterinarian right away. Relay the name of the plant, when the cat ate it, and if the cat is experiencing any problems. The veterinarian will recommend further treatment if necessary.

For an extensive list of plants to keep away from felines, visit the ASPCA online.

What To Do When You Find a Stray Dog

ChanceI don’t know a single dog owner who hasn’t, at some point, spent an inordinate amount of time trying to capture a stray or lost dog. I know I’ve caught more than my share; many looked like dogs who had escaped and were out for a grand  adventure, while some realized they were lost and looked scared and panicked.

If the dog is wearing a collar and tags with current contact information for his owner, you’re in luck – and the rest of the information in this article isn’t relevant. But out of 10 dogs I’ve scooped up in the past several years, exactly two were wearing a collar and current ID tag. It certainly seems like the people who keep collars and tags on their dogs at all times are also the ones who manage to keep them safely contained – but accidents can happen to any owner. Here’s what you should do with an unidentified dog.

1) Take him to your local shelter.  Don’t panic; you don’t have to leave him there if you are concerned that your local shelter is unsafe, unclean, or poorly managed. But there are a few things you should do at the shelter (see # 2 and # 3).

If the dog has an owner who is actually trying to find the dog, the owner will most likely come to the shelter to look for the dog. Few people, except the most dedicated owners, think to read the ads in the classified section or on craigslist.

2) Ask the shelter staff to scan the dog, to see if he has an implanted microchip ID. If he does, the staff should be able to help you track down contact information for the dog’s owner.

3) If he does not have a microchip, and you don’t want to leave him at the shelter, you should at least file a “found dog” report at the shelter. This protects you by showing that you made a reasonable effort to find the dog’s owner.

Some shelters take a photo of the dog for their “found dog” reports and file these online; others simply keep a binder full of the reports, sans photos, on a counter at the shelter. Few people are aware that shelters keep these reports; most people just check the shelter kennels and/or website. It’s uncommon, but reunions have been facilitated through these reports.

4) If you don’t leave the dog at the shelter, take a photo and make a “found dog” flyer; post it in as many places as you can in the area where you found the dog. Most dog owners look at posters for lost or found pets, and many of us are more familiar with our neighbors’ pets than their owners! This way, you are recruiting a small army of people who might be able to help reunite the dog and his owner.

5) If you bring the dog home, take immediate steps to protect your pets.  Check to see if the dog is infested with fleas; if he is, you’ll want to use some sort of potent flea control product immediately, before the fleas can populate your car or home. If your dogs are not fully vaccinated, or are immune-suppressed, you may want to keep the stray dog as far from your dog as possible for at least a few days, so you can make sure he’s not sick with anything transmissible. Wash your hands well after handling the stray, and clean up his waste immediately.

You also need to protect all of your family members from being attacked by the stray, until you’re certain that no attack is forthcoming. While your own dog is great with kids, cats, and your parakeet, it’s easy to forget that other dogs may be highly predatory.

Don’t take anything for granted; be careful at feeding time, and the first time he finds a nice chew bone or toy that he likes, because he may have resource-guarding issues. Keep the dog on-leash, or control his access to certain parts of the house with baby gates until you have a chance to see what he’s like.

Ten Things Not To Feed Your Dog Or Cat

Happy Birthday!10 things not to feed your dog:

Chocolate, tea, coffee, caffeine – these foods and drinks contain substances that can cause severe or even fatal heart or nervous system problems and should never be given.

Grapes, raisins or currants – contain an unknown toxin that can cause kidney failure.

Xylitol containing gum or candy – can cause severe low blood sugar or liver failure.

Garlic, onion, or chives – contain a substance that can cause anemia. This includes garlic and onion powder in prepared foods.

Corn on the cob – pieces of the cob can be swallowed and cause a bowel obstruction.

Bones that splinter or can be swallowed – certain bones can cause lacerations to the mouth or digestive tract or cause obstruction.

Raw eggs – contain an enzyme in the egg white called Avidin, which prevents the absorption of a B-Vitamin called biotin which can lead to skin and hair coat problems.

Avocado – contain a substance called Persin, which causes vomiting and diarrhea.

Liver – when fed in large quantities causes Vitamin A toxicity causing bone and muscle problems.

Fish – raw, canned or cooked when fed exclusively or in large quantities a Thiamine deficiency leading to anorexia, seizures, an in severe cases death.


Emma10 things not to feed your cat:

Chocolate, coffee, tea or caffeine –for the same reason as dogs.

Canned tuna for human consumption and raw fish – when fed exclusively or in high amounts can cause thiamine deficiency similar to     dogs.

Grapes, raisins, or currants – same as dogs

Nuts – some nuts like macadamia nuts contain an unknown toxin causing intestinal, nervous system or muscle problems. Also if swallowed can cause a bowel obstruction.

Xylitol gum or candy – same as dogs

Baby food – many times contain onion powder, which can cause anemia when fed exclusively for in large quantities. Also is not completely balanced for a cat.

Onions and Garlic raw, cooked or powder – contain sulfoxides and disulfides which cause anemia. Cats are more sensitive than dogs, and onion is more toxic than garlic.

Dog food – if fed repeatedly causes taurine deficiency, which can cause malnutrition and heart disease.

Bones – can cause obstruction or lacerations of the digestive system.

Raw meat – may contain ecoli or salmonella causing diarrhea or vomiting.

Many of the foods listed can be used occasionally or as part of a balanced diet, but if not using a commercially prepared diet consult your veterinarian or an animal nutritionist.